Understanding Small Cavity Vs. Large Cavity Treatments

Cavities are a common dental issue in adults and children alike. They appear in different locations on your dental surfaces due to plaque buildup. They need to be treated differently based on their sizes. Therefore, let’s discuss a small cavity vs a large cavity for more insights.

Types of Cavities

There are 3 major types of cavities that can form in your teeth. Their treatments depend on their sizes. These include:

  • Root Cavity

Root cavities happen on the surface of a tooth’s roots and are more common in older adults, especially seniors with gum problems like receding gums. When gums recede, the tissue around the tooth lowers, exposing the roots to acids from food, bacteria, and decay.

Small Vs. Large Root Cavity Treatment

To fix root cavities, dentists remove any decay and fill the cavity. Suppose decay has spread to the pulp inside the tooth; root canal therapy may be needed. Since the root doesn’t have as much protection as the rest of the tooth, decay can spread quickly. That’s why it’s important to treat root cavities while they are small. If the cavity is big or needs a root canal, the dentist might also suggest a crown.

  • Pit and Fissure Cavities

Pit and fissure cavities are often found on the back molars and occur on the chewing surfaces of teeth. Because food and plaque can easily get stuck in the grooves on these surfaces, these cavities are common, especially for people who don’t brush regularly. Sealants can be used to protect teeth in both kids and adults who are prone to these cavities.

Small Vs. Large Pit and Fissure Cavity Treatment

If caught early, pit and fissure cavities can be treated with sealants or fluoride. But if the cavity gets deeper, a dentist will need to remove the decay and fix the tooth with fillings, root canals, or crowns.

Fillings are usually enough for small cavities. However, large pit and fissure cavities need root canals or crowns because the decay is deep or the tooth is weak.

  • Smooth Surface Cavities

Smooth-surface cavities usually happen on the sides of your mouth and affect the flat outer surface of your teeth. They’re the slowest to form and not as common, but they can be a problem if you don’t brush well.

Small Vs. Large Smooth Surface Cavity Treatments

Since they grow slowly, smooth-surface cavities are easier to treat. Fluoride treatments like gels, toothpaste, or fluoride water can help them go away. It takes a long time for a cavity to get through the enamel on smooth surfaces. But if it does, you will need a filling.

Sometimes, people get interproximal cavities, which are between teeth. Dentists use X-rays to find these cavities. Fluoride treatments can often help, unless the cavity is deep, in which case dentists use a filling.

Bottom Line

Knowing how a small cavity vs a large cavity grows helps you get timely treatments to avoid further dental health damage. Small cavities are quickly treatable. However, large ones require extensive treatments, involving the risk of pain and infection.

Visit Dr. Ravinder Kunwar at Smiles Forever Dentistry. Our doctor has 15 years of general dentistry experience in treating many simple and complex cases. Call us at (661) 666-4433 to schedule an appointment.


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